The United States is a diverse country, racially and ethnically. And different races are officially recognized: White, African American, Hispanic, Asian and Native Americans.
African American, also called Black: those having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
Hispanic, also called Latino Americans: those having origins in the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America.
Asian, also called Asian American: those having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent; frequently specified as Chinese American, Korean American, Filipino American, Vietnamese American, Japanese American, etc.
American Indian, also called Native Americans: those having origins in any of the original peoples of North, Central and South America, and who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment.