Thursday, 20 October 2011

Basics of Geography: Climate

Climate is commonly defined as the weather averaged over a long period. The standard averaging period is 30 years.

Climate includes temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind and rainfall.
Climate can be contrasted to weather, which is the present condition of these elements and their variations over shorter periods.
The climate of a location is affected by its latitude, terrain, and altitude, as well as nearby water bodies and their currents.