Most slums have no legal status: they are ‘illegal settlements.’ That is why local authorities do not feel responsible for providing essential facilities, such as access to clean water and sanitation.
The filthiness of the slum is intense and overwhelming. Diseases as cholera and tuberculosis are widespread in the area.
Where can you go to the toilet? This is a daily problem for the inhabitants of the slum Kibera in Kenya. Kibera is the largest slum in Nairobi, and the second largest urban slum in Africa. There are paid toilets all over the suburb. The waste water flows through an open sewer through the neighbourhood. Women are afraid to visit the toilet at night, it is too dangerous.
Most slum dwellers in Nairobi have no access to clean water.